The Boards of Directors of the Southwest Vermont Supervisory Union, Bennington School District, Inc., Mount Anthony Union School District, North Bennington Graded School District, Pownal School District, Shaftsbury School District, and Woodford School District recognize the transmission of communicable diseases must be limited in order to protect the rights of all students and employees.
- The school nurse, or designee, in consultation with administration as needed, will determine when a student/employee shall be excluded from school due to a communicable illness. When appropriate, the student's parent(s)/guardian(s), physician, and/or the Department of Health will also be consulted.
- A physician's evaluation may be required for a definitive diagnosis to assure that the student/employee is no longer infectious.
- In the event that the school nurse determines that a student has had a significant exposure to blood, the parent(s)/guardian(s) will be notified immediately and advised to consult the child's physician at once.
- Students will not be permitted to clean up blood or potentially infectious materials of others.
- The school district shall comply with applicable Vermont Occupational Safety and Health Administration (VOSHA) rules in order to protect employees who are reasonably anticipated to be exposed to bloodborne pathogens as part of their job duties.
- The superintendent or his/her designee shall determine those employees (by job class and possibly by task or procedure) who are reasonably anticipated to have occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials as part of their duties. These employees will be protected in strict accordance with the provisions of the VOSHA rules.
- All staff not covered by the VOSHA standard shall be instructed to avoid contact with potentially infectious materials and blood and shall immediately contact a member of the staff who is covered by the exposure control plan. When this is not possible, any person providing assistance shall follow universal precautions.
- Universal Precautions will be hung in key location(s) in each school.
This policy supercedes policy # 5140 undated and # 5180 4/13/87
Administrative Procedures for policy #5140
A student/employee with an elevated temperature and/or other signs of illness will be excluded from school. A student/employee should be fever free for 24 hours before returning to school. If a student/employee is put on medication (e.g. antibiotic) they must be on the medication at least 24 hours before returning to school. A student/employee who is immuno-suppressed will be notified of the occurrence of a high-risk disease (e.g. chicken pox).
- AIDS / HIV -- A student/employee with AIDS/HIV may attend school in compliance with stated school policy (#5411).
- Chicken Pox -- The student/employee will be excluded from school until all lesions are dry and crusted
- Cold Sore (fever blister, Herpes simplex) -- The student/employee may attend school if feeling well and fever free. The student should avoid direct contact with a lesion.
- Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye) -- The student/employee will be excluded from school with purulent drainage from the eye until the drainage is clear. The student/employee should report to the school nurse before returning to class.
- Diarrhea - The student/employee with 2 or more episodes of diarrhea will be excluded. He or she may return to school when the diarrhea has stopped for the last 12 hours.
- Fever --The student/employee with fever will be excluded from school for oral temperature 100 degrees F or above. He/she must be fever free for 24 hours before returning to school.
- Fifth Disease -- The student/employee diagnosed with "fifth disease" may return to school when fever free and feeling well. The rash may still be present. The SCHOOL NURSE should be notified if THIS DIAGNOSIS IS MADE (risk to pregnant women).
- Head Lice -- Students will not be excluded from school because of head lice infestations
- Screening for head lice will be done by the school nurse/designated staff as needed. As head lice are not a risk for carrying communicable disease and are primarily spread through direct head to head contact living only 18 to 24 hours off a host, the following procedures are to be followed:
- Appropriate notification to the school nurse or nursing staff will be made for those students/employees with evidence of live head lice.
- The parent/guardian will be provided with information on the biology of head lice. The parent/guardian will be instructed to inspect other household members for live lice.
- Hepatitis A -- The student/employee may return with a release signed by a physician after a minimum of one week following onset of jaundice.
- Hepatitis B -- Active Disease -- The student/employee may return to school when released by his/her physician.
- Impetigo, Draining Boils, Skin Infections/MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureas) -- The student/employee will be excluded from school until the student/employee is under a physician's. Open and/or draining wounds must be covered to prevent spread of infection.
- Measles/Mumps/Rubella -- The school nurse MUST be notified if a student/employee is diagnosed. The student/employee may return to school when released by the physician and when able to tolerate the school days activities.
- Meningitis -- Bacterial -- The student/employee may return with a doctor's release and when able to tolerate the school days activities.
- Meningitis -- Viral -- The student/employee may return to school when fever free for twenty-four hours, with a physician's release, and when able to tolerate the school days activities.
- Mononucleosis -- The student/employee may return to school when able to tolerate the school days activities.
- Pertussis (Whooping Cough) – The student/employee with confirmed or suspected pertussis must be excluded from school until they have completed 5 days of antibiotic for pertussis. The student/employee may then return to school. PLEASE CONSULT WITH THE SCHOOL NURSE IF THIS DIAGNOSIS IS MADE.
- Pneumonia -- The student/employee may return to school when able to tolerate the school days activities.
- Ringworm -- The student/employee may attend school while being effectively treated.
- Scabies -- The student/employee suspected of having scabies may return to school after diagnosis by a physician and appropriate treatment is completed.
- Shingles (Herpes Zoster) -- The student/employee may return to school when released by a physician and if the lesions are covered. If lesion/s cannot be covered, refer to the policy for chickenpox. PLEASE CONSULT WITH THE SCHOOL NURSE IF THIS DIAGNOSIS IS MADE. (risk to pregnant women)
- Strep Throat, Scarletina, Scarlet Fever -- The student/employee may return to school when fever free, has been taking the prescribed antibiotic for twenty-four to forty eight hours, and is able to tolerate the school days activities.
- Upper Respiratory Infection (common cold, Flu, etc.) -- The student/employee may return to school if fever free for 24 hours and able to tolerate the school days activities.
- Vomiting -- The student/employee may return to school after vomiting has stopped for 12 hours and when able to tolerate the school days activities.
- Worms -- Pinworms -- Enterobiasis -- The student/employee may return to school after effective treatment.
- Other communicable diseases not covered above will be handled on a case by case basis by above personnel stated in the policy.